Top 5 Tallest Buildings.
1.Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates(1st tallest buildings):-
Burj Khalifa is the first in the world. Which has the height of 2717 feet? And has 163 floors in it. The building is a large-scale, mixed-use development that includes 30,000 residences, nine hotels, seven acres of parkland, 19 residential towers, a shopping mall, and a 30-acre human-made lake. It contains a total of 57 elevators and eight escalators. Construction of the Burj Khalifa began in 2004, with the exterior completed five years later in 2009. It costs USD 1.5 billion to complete the building and is done by Emaar Properties(owner).Glass, steel, aluminium, reinforced concrete these are the material used to build Burj Khalifa.The principal contractors of this building are Corporation, Besix and Arabtec Supervision Consultant Engineer & Architect of Record Hyder Consulting Construction Project Manager Turner ConstructionGrocon Planning Bauer AG and Middle East Foundations Lift contractor Otis VT consultant Lerch Bates.
2. Shanghai Tower, Shanghai, China(2nd tallest buildings):-
Shanghai Tower is the second tallest buildings in the world which have t the height of 2073 feet. And has 121 floors. American architectural firm Gensler designed the building to function as a hotel and office. There is a total of 320 hotel rooms and 1,100 parking spaces. Construction work on the tower began in November 2008 and topped out on 3 August 2013. It costs 4.2 billion to complete the building and is done by Shanghai Tower Construction and Development. The tower takes the form of nine cylindrical structures stacked atop each other, totalling 127 floors, all enclosed by the inner layer of the glass façade. Between that and the outer layer, which twists as it rises, nine indoor zones provide public space for visitors. Each of these nine areas has its atrium, featuring gardens, cafés, restaurants and retail space, and providing panoramic views of the city. The principal contractors of this building are Shanghai Construction Group.
3. Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel, Mecca, Saudi Arabia(Abraj Al Bait) (3rd tallest buildings):-
Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel is the third tallest buildings in the world and has a height of 1972 feet and has The Royal Clock Tower includes residential apartments for permanent residents, hotel rooms for visitors, a conference center, a large prayer room capable of holding more than 10,000 people, a five-story shopping mall, an Islamic Museum, and a Lunar Observation Center to see the moon during the Holy Months. 21,000 white and green lights at the top of the clock flash to signal the time for prayers five times a day, which can be visible as far as 19 miles away. On special occasions, like the New Year, 16 bands of vertical light shoot up into the sky.The construction of this building started in the year of 2004 and completed in the year of 2011. It costs the US $15 billion to complete.main structural system: reinforced concrete (lower part), steel/concrete composite construction, steel construction (upper portion); cladding: glass, marble, natural stone, carbon-/glass-fibre-reinforced plastic are the material used for this building. The main contractor of this building is Saudi Bin Ladin group.
4. One World Trade Center, New York City, USA (4th tallest buildings):-
One World Trade Centre is the fourth tallest buildings in the world which have a height of 1776 feet. It includes office space and an observation deck with unparalleled views of Manhattan. Then there are the restaurants and broadcast and antennae facilities. For all the obvious reasons, the designers claim they have emphasised life-safety systems and sustainability in their design, integrating renewable energy, dense fireproofing, extra-wide pressurised stairs, interior daylighting, reuse of rainwater, and recycled construction debris and materials. It currently includes the National September 11 Memorial & Museum and the redesigned World Trade Center Transportation Hub. it has 73 elevators. The construction has started in the year of 2006 and completed in the year of 2013. It costs the US $3.9 billion to complete. The main contractor of this building is Tishman Construction.
5.Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre, Guangzhou, China(5th tallest buildings):-
CTF Finance Centre is the fifth tallest buildings in the world and has the height of 1739 feet and has 111 floors. The mixed-use urban complex has four major transition points at which its function changes from offices to apartments to hotel rooms. Underground, the building will have connections to public transportation, as well as second-level bridges to connect to adjacent structures. It has 95 elevators. The construction of this building is done in the year of 2009 and completed in the year of 2016. The owner of this building is chow tai fook enterprises. The main contractor of this building is China state construction engineering.